Importance of Aquaculture

Importance of Aquaculture

1. Health Benefit
All over the world, the demand for seafood has increased because people have learned that seafood are healthier and help fight cardiovascular disease, cancer, alzheimer’s and many other major illnesses. Now seafood has become part of regular diets.

2. Sustainable Use of Sea Resources
Aquaculture provides alternatives for fishing from the sea. An increase in demand for food sources and globalization has led to an increase in fishing. Aquaculture is currently estimated to account for approximately 13 percent (10.2 million tons) of world fish production.
Yet, this has led fishermen to become selfish and overfish the desired or high-demand species. Through aquaculture, it provides both an alternative and opportunity for wild stocks to replenish over time.

3. Conservation of Biodiversity
Aquacultures also protect biodiversity by reducing the fishing activities on the wild stock in their ecosystems. By providing alternatives to fishing, there is a reduced attack on the wild populations of the various species in the sea. Reduced action of fishing saves the diversity of the aquatic ecosystem from extinction due to overfishing.

4. Increased Efficiency, More Resources for Less Effort
Fish convert feed into body protein more efficiently than cattle or chicken production. It is much more efficient, meaning that the fish companies make more food for less feed.
Such efficiency means that less food and energy is used to produce food, meaning that the production process is cheaper as well. It saves resources and even allows for more food to be produced, leading to secure reserves and less stress on the environment.
Aquacultures will add to wild seafood and make it cheaper and accessible to all, especially in regions where they depend on imported seafood products.

5. Reduced Environmental Disturbance
By increasing aquaculture, fish farming in specific, there is a reduced need for the fishing of the wild stock. As an outcome, it puts less stress on the ecosystem and equally reduces human interference.
Actions of motorboats and other human influences such as the removal of viable breeding adult fish are all stresses put on the aquatic ecosystems, and their discontinuation allows the ecosystem to flourish and find their natural balance.